RASPPPoE Telenor

View Swedish Statistics for visitors on this page - Se svensk statistikk for gjester på denne siden!

PPP over Ethernet Protocol for Windows 2000

DICA: Para quem usa o Win2000, baixe e instale o WINIPCFG para Windows NT / 2000 / XP.

(If you are using Windows 98/98SE/ME, please click here)

http://www.bearcy.com/adsl-win2k.html

written by Robert Schlabbach
Skrevet av Robert Schlabbach
This document is partially translated into Norwegian by BearCY;
since I only prefer to use the original language of any operating system (because the translation always includes more translation bugs than I will allow myself to deal with); I may only guess what the different services is termed in the Norwegian translation of the operating system. I have, however, in order to make this as little confusing as possible, therefore kept the English original text in black, and translated the text paragraph by paragraph.
Dette dokumentet er delvis oversatt til norsk av
BearCY;
siden jeg kun foretrekker å bruke originalspråklige og derfor i dette tilfellet engelske operativsystem
(da oversettelsen av alle operativsystem i seg selv medfører flere feil enn jeg føler behov for å måtte forholde meg til); kan jeg derfor bare gjette meg til hva de forskjellige tjenestene heter i de norskoversatte versjoner av operativsystemet. Jeg har for å gjøre dette så lite forvirrende som mulig derfor bibeholdt den engelske originalteksten i sort, og oversatt teksten avsnitt for avsnitt.

Version 0.95, December 29th, 2000
Versjon 0.95, den 29. Desember, 2000

DownLoad – LastNed
Downloaded by BearCY & tested and approved with Norton AntiVirus 2000, def. 02.28.2001
Lastet ned av BearCY & testet og godkjent med Norton AntiVirus 2000, def. 28. februar 2001.


ContentsInnhold

1.

Introduction
Innledning + Norsk

2.

Installing PPP over the Ethernet Protocol
Installere protokollen PPP over Ethernet + Norsk

3.

Creating PPP over Ethernet Dial-up Connections
Lage snarvei med PPP over Ethernet i Ekstern Påloggin + Norsk

4.

Removing the PPP over Ethernet Protocol

5.

Advanced Protocol Features + litt Norsk: Avanserte funksjoner her

6.

Troubleshooting

7.

Known Issues

8.

Revision History

9.

Contacting the Author

1. Introduction
Innledning

Welcome to RASPPPOE, a PPP over Ethernet (short: PPPoE) implementation for Windows 98/98SE/ME/2000. PPPoE as a method for establishing PPP connections through Ethernet adapters is described in RFC 2516 and is used by many broadband service providers to allow authentication and maintain the familiar "dial-up experience" when connecting to the Internet through a broadband modem. Although there are other PPPoE implementations for Windows, this one still has its unmatched strong points:
Velkommen til RASPPPoE, en PPP over Ethernet (forkortet: PPPoE) implementering for Windows 98/98SE/ME/2000. PPPoE som en metode for å etablere PPP-tilknytning gjennom Ethernetadaptere er beskrevet i RFC 2516 og brukes av mange bredbåndtjenertilbydere for å tillate godkjenning og beholde den velkjente «Ekstern Pålogging-erfaringen» når vi kobler oss opp til Internet gjennom et brebåndsmodem. Selv om det finnes andre PPPoE-implementeringer for Windows, er denne fortsatt den éneste som tilbyr:  

To install this protocol, please follow the installation instructions carefully. If you have problems using it, see Troubleshooting for help. If you are successfully using this protocol, you can check if you find any of the advanced features useful. You may also want to know about the known issues. Users upgrading from a previous version of this protocol should check the Revision History to find out what changed. If you want to get in touch with me, see Contacting the Author.
For å installere denne protokollen, vær snill å følge installasjonsinstruksen nøye. Om du har problemer med å bruke den, se i Troubleshooting etter hjelp. Når du har lykkes med å bruke denne protokollen, kan du se etter om du finner noen av de advanced features nyttige. Kan hende ønsker du også å få vite om noen av known issues som måtte oppstå. Brukere som oppgraderer fra en tidligere versjon bør se gjennom Revision History for å finne ut hvilke forandringer som er gjort. Dersom du ønsker å komme i kontakt med meg (på tysk eller engelsk), kan se under overskriften Contacting the Author.

- Robert Schlabbach

License and Disclaimer
– Lisens og Ansvarsfraskrivelse

This driver, installation files and documentation is all Copyright (C) 2000 by Robert Schlabbach. All rights reserved. It is distributed without any warranty. Use at your own risk. You may use and copy it complete and unmodified free of charge for non-commercial purposes only. Commercial exploitation, redistribution for commercial purposes, especially redistribution by Internet service providers as "their" service to their customers, is strictly prohibited. Internet service providers must purchase a license for distribution to their customers. The licensed version additionally features an installer, which typically requires no reboot and leads the user to the first login for an "instant success" customer experience. For licensing details please contact:
Denne driveren, installering av filer og dokumentasjon er under Kopibeskyttelse © 2000 av Robert Schlabbach. Alle rettigheter er reservert. Den distribueres uten noen form for garanti. Bruk den på egen risiko. Du kan bruke og kopiere den fullstendig og umodifisert gratis kun for ikke-kommersielle formål. Kommersiell utnyttelse, redistribusjon for kommersielle formål, spesielt redistribusjon av Internettleverandører som «deres» tjeneste til sine kunder er strengt forbudt. Internettleverandører må kjøpe en lisens for distribusjon til sine kunder. Den lisensierte versjonen kommer også med et installasjonsprogram, som typisk nok ikke krever noen omstart, og fører brukeren til sin første oppkobling til en «øyeblikkelig vellykket oppkobling»-kundeopplevelse. For lisensdetaljer, vær snill å kontakte (på tysk eller engelsk):

Accis Systemhaus GmbH
Riedemannweg 59
D-13627 Berlin
Germany

Phone Telefon: +49-30-383792-0
Fax: +49-30-383792-11
e-mail e-post: mailto:info@accis.de?subject=Inquiry about quotation of RASPPPoE
Web: http://www.accis.de/


2. Installing the PPP over Ethernet Protocol
 – Installasjon av PPP over Ethernetprotokollen

       ENGLISH              +NORSK
  3 696 NETPPPOE.INF
 31 744 RASPPPOE.DLL
 13 824 RASPPPOE.EXE
  2 672 RASPPPOE.INF
        100 946 README2K.HTM 128 784
 75 070 README98.HTM
 30 976 RMSPPPOE.SYS
 10 416 WINPPPOE.DLL
  7 194 WINPPPOE.INF


3. Creating PPP over Ethernet Dial-up Connections
Lage snarvei med PPP over Ethernet i Ekstern Påloggin

PPP over Ethernet dial-up connections can be most conveniently created with the Dial-up Connection Setup application provided with the protocol, which creates dial-up connections with all the correct settings at the click of a button.

Ekstern påloggingsforbindelse med PPP over Ethernet lages enklest med programmet som følger med protokollen: Ekstern Påloggingsforbindelsesinstallasjon, som lager eksterne påloggingsforbindelser med alle de rette innstillingene fiks ferdig med bare et museklikk.


4. Removing the PPP over Ethernet Protocol

Note: The protocol is not completely removed from your machine at this point due to shortcomings of Windows 2000, which prohibit a complete removal. The pieces that are left behind are not harmful in any way, but if you want to get rid of every little bit of this protocol, here is what's left behind:


5. Advanced Protocol Features

This section covers the advanced features of the protocol. Average users should be perfectly happy with the default settings, although specifying the link speed to display may be of interest. Users having problems with VPN software might try if overriding the MTU reported by the protocol helps. Users with flat rate Internet access may be interested in making the connection "always on". If you are interested in using the protocol's server capability, please see Enabling the protocol to act as a PPPoE Access Concentrator.

To bring up the protocol settings for an adapter:

The General tab offers the following settings:

5.1 Limit TCP MSS Maximum Segment Size (MSS) Option

When using Internet Connection Sharing, the client machines are completely unaware of the packet size restrictions imposed by the nature of PPP over Ethernet (in contrast to e.g. modem or ISDN connections, which allow passing arbitrarily sized packets). Typically, a client assumes that packets of up to 1500 bytes can be passed and thus indicates a Maximum Segment Size of 1460 bytes (1500 bytes minus 40 bytes for the TCP and IP headers) when opening a TCP session, resulting in either side of the connection sending packets up to 1500 bytes in size, too large to pass through a PPP over Ethernet connection, which can only pass packets up to 1492 bytes in size. These oversized packets are then often silently dropped at either side of the PPP over Ethernet connection, leading to delays or hangs when accessing the Internet from a client.

To work around this problem, this option makes the protocol scan all network packets it sends and receives for the TCP Maximum Segment Size (MSS) option and, if a value greater than either the default (1492) or the overridden MTU minus 40 for the IP and TCP headers (i.e. 1452 in case of the default MTU) is found, change it to this value, recalculate the TCP checksum and pass the modified packet. This option is enabled by default. If you are not using Internet Connection Sharing, you can disable this option to save a little (very little) CPU power, although leaving it enabled has no negative side effects.

5.2 Override Maximum Transfer Unit

By default, the protocol will report an MTU of 1492 bytes, the maximum possible for PPP over Ethernet. However, you can use this option to override the MTU initially reported by the protocol. Making the protocol initially report a lower MTU was found to help with certain VPN software packages which "blindly" add their own overhead without paying any respect to the MTU reported by the driver, making the network packets too large to pass through a PPP over Ethernet connection. Check the Override Maximum Transfer Unit checkbox and type the MTU the protocol should report in the Maximum Transfer Unit (MTU) edit box. The valid range is 576 through 1492 bytes. Reducing the MTU by 32 bytes to 1460 should generally suffice to make misbehaved VPN software work. Note: Regardless of this setting, the protocol will always send and receive packets of up to 1492 bytes. Only the MTU initially reported by the protocol (the MaxFrameSize value in response to the OID_WAN_GET_INFO request) and, if enabled, the TCP MSS option limit are affected by this setting.

For any changes to this setting to take effect, you need to disable and re-enable the Local Area Connection for the corresponding network adapter once, or reboot.

NOTE: This option will only "stick" if you enter an MTU other than 1492. If you only check the checkbox, but leave the MTU at 1492, the protocol will recognize the default value and clear the checkbox the next time you open the properties dialog, because the MTU was not actually overridden.

5.3 Number of lines (WAN endpoints)

The protocol is capable of running several simultaneous PPP over Ethernet sessions through one adapter. This feature will probably be very rarely - if ever - needed. To allow this, you can configure the number of WAN endpoints (dial-up devices) the protocol exposes for a network adapter. The default is 1, and up to 10 WAN endpoints can be configured. This setting requires a reboot to take effect.

The Advanced tab offers the following settings:

5.4 Specify Link Speed

By default, the protocol will report the speed of the network adapter you are connecting through as the speed of a dial-up connection you make through it, as it cannot find out the actual speed of your broadband modem. However, you can specify the connection speed the protocol should report for connections through a specific adapter. To do this, check the Specify Link Speed checkbox and type the link speed the protocol should report in the Link Speed (kbps) edit box, in ( Telenor: 384 / 704 / 1024 ) kilobits per second. If you want to revert to displaying the adapter's link speed, clear the Specify Link Speed checkbox. Note: This setting has absolutely no effect on the network traffic through this adapter; it is purely a cosmetic setting. This setting takes effect the next time you establish a PPP over Ethernet connection.

5.5 Event Logging options

The protocol can inform you about informational events, warnings and errors during operation by logging events to the System event log. By default, the protocol logs all types of events, which should result in no log entries during flawless operation. If you find the event log flooded with repeated entries despite flawless operation, you can disable logging that type of event by clearing the corresponding checkbox. Clearing all checkboxes prevents the protocol from logging any events.

You use Event Viewer to view any events logged by this protocol:

Beyond these settings, the protocol offers the following possibilities:

5.6 Making a dial-up connection "always on"
– Gjøre en ekstern pålogging «alltid på»

Users who enjoy flat rate Internet access may find it desirable to turn their connection into an "always on" connection that is established once when the machine boots (before any user logs in) and kept until the machine is shut down. To make your dial-up connection "always on", follow these steps:
Brukere som betaler en fast avgift i måneden for sin oppkobling kan finne det ønskelig å arrangere forbindelsen slik at den «alltid er på» (på tilsynelatende samme måte som kabel-TV-selskapene gjør det for sine brukere). En oppkobling som etableres umiddelbart etter pålogging, og opprettholdes inntil maskinen slås av igjen. For å gjøre dette mulig, kan du ganske enkelt legge snarveien til oppkoblingen i Oppstart-katalogen i Start-menyen din. Da vil maskinen koble seg opp automatisk i det du logger deg på. Ønsker du at det skal være mulig å koble deg opp manuelt når du har Administratorrettigheter, kan du la være å legge snarveien i Oppstartsmappen til «Alle Brukere», og i stedet kopiere den inn i alle de forskjellige brukernes oppstartsmapper.

You'll have to log on to the Internet at least one time in each and every users profile, and see to it that your applications may detect the connection automatically. You will also have to setup your Ethernet-connection as Default:
Du må også koble deg opp i det minste én gang i hver enkelt brukerprofil, og sørge for at programmene dine kan logge seg på automatisk. Du må også sette opp Ethernet-forbindelsen din som Standard (Default):


After you've logged on to the Internet for the first time in each and every user's profile, and added username and password to the Internet connection, you may afterward enter and remove the selection to «Prompt for name and password, certificate, etc.» and make a copy of the shortcut to the Connection… into your restricted «and therefore protected against hackers» user profile's Startup-folder, in order to let the automatic logon give you default access to the Internet only while you're in that particular user's profile.
Etter at du har koblet deg opp første gang i hver enkelt brukerprofil og ført inn brukernavn og passord, kan du etterpå gå inn og fjerne avkrysningen til «Be om navn og passord, sertifikat, osv.», og kopiere snarveien for oppkoblingen til Oppstart-katalogen din for å la oppkoblingen gå av seg selv hver gang du har logget deg på maskinen…

If you rather want the connection to be continuous even when no-one is logged onto the PC, you may follow the instructions below:
Hvis du derimot foretrekker at maskinen skal være oppkoblet selv når ingen bruker er pålogget, kan du følge instruksjonene nedenfor: